Solus Christus (meaning Christ alone).We are justified by grace alone through faith alone in Christ alone
– Ephesians 1: 3-14
– Our saviour has to be both man and God; throughout history, there is only one person who is both man and God, Jesus Christ. If Jesus Christ is only man, he is a sinner and cannot be raised from the dead. In addition, he has to be born not according to the will of a man or woman; therefore, he must be supernaturally born. If he is only God, God would not be able to justify sinners as God cannot die or be condemned for the sins of human beings. When he is truly man, he is then able to die representing sinners and also to be raised from the dead (only for those who believe). Only in Christ, he is the only way for sinners to be justified.
– In Christ alone: how can we receive what he had done when he died on the cross? We can only receive when we are united in Christ. We are united with him in faith alone by grace alone. Only through the work of the Holy Spirit, the Holy Spirit gives us faith and unites us in Christ.
– Several aspects of salvation that Christ hath graciously given believers who have faith in him: redemption, reconciliation, sanctification, glorification, conversion (which includes repentance and faith), regeneration (Holy Spirit regenerate those who are in Him, giving a new life in Christ) → this can only be received for those who are united in Christ.
How can we be united in Christ? (Ephesians 1: 3-14)
- God always elect/predestined us in Christ.
- It is also important to understand that God did not decide first to save his people from their sin and then later to bring in Christ to execute the salvation.
- Everything we receive: spiritual blessings, inheritance, and salvation it is only in Christ.
- Christ is the fulfilment of the whole bible. Rituals, covenants, recorded disciples, prophets, apostles mentioned in the Old Testament; Christ is the peak of the fulfilment, which is often implicitly expressed in the writings of the Old Testament.
2 Corinthians 4:6 New International Version (NIV)
6 For God, who said, “Let light shine out of darkness,” made his light shine in our hearts to give us the light of the knowledge of God’s glory displayed in the face of Christ.
Regarding the bible verse from 2 Corinthians 4:6, there were 3 major cultures that collided in the 1st century. The first was the Jewish culture; the Jews persistently looked for light/enlightenment. The Greeks were famous for their philosophers and philosophies; therefore, they were concerned about knowledge, they looked for wisdom. The final culture would be the Roman’s and they were concerned about glory and honour. All three (light, knowledge and glory) are portrayed in Christ alone.